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    學習力世界第一!沒有考試——芬蘭獨特的教育方式

    學習力世界第一!沒有考試——芬蘭獨特的教育方式


    來源:家長學院  文章作者:佚名

      芬蘭是個怎樣的國家呢?

    ■面積:33.8萬平方公里

    (中國960萬平方公里)

    ■人口:約520萬人

    ■首都:赫爾辛基

    ■官方語言:芬蘭語、瑞典語

    ■知名產業:「諾基亞」

    ■其他:能看到白夜以及極光而聞名,國內擁有成千上萬個湖泊。

      學習力常年處在世界領先水平

      據PISA(國際學生評估項目)針對世界15歲兒童學習力的評測,芬蘭一直名列前茅。

      在2004年的調查中,【數學解析力】位列第2位、【閱讀理解力】同【領悟科學力】位列第1位、【解決問題能力】位列第3位,綜合排名第1位。

      芬蘭在科學、解決問題能力、數學、閱讀理解能力四個板塊都處在領先位置。

      芬蘭令人拍案叫絕的教育機制

      7歲~16歲長達9年時間的義務教育。

      從孩子出生之日起,國家會出資給全部母親配發baby服、被褥、奶瓶、以及繪本套裝。直到孩子們滿17歲,都會得到每月一千元左右的補助基金(請允許小編擦拭一下眼角的淚痕......)

      不只是學費全免,還會無償給孩子們提供上學交通工具、餐點、教科書以及學習用品。

      應學生的要求,校醫、學校護士、學校社會福利工作者、學校心理師、學生生活顧問等各種服務,學校都會毫不吝嗇的給到學生。芬蘭的理念就是“只要是對學生必要的就應該無償的得到服務。

      【將教育徹底交托于現場教學】【比起已經具有相當認知能力的學生,將更多的關注以及精力放在仍抱有疑問的學生身上】【讓孩子了解學習的本意而不是教給他們什么是競爭】

      教學時間是OECD(經濟合作與發展組織)眾聯盟國中最少的一個。

      徹底貫徹結果平等的教育方針,將所有孩子真正理解為基本,對有問題的孩子,會立即制定實施特別支援教育服務。

      尤其重視孩子低齡時期遇到的學習問題,及早發現解決。因此,也有效地抑制了學習困難孩子的出現。

      不局限于格局,任何地方都可以作為學習的場所。在同年級內會根據學習能力給予個別指導。由此帶來的結果是全國上下學習力的差距微乎其微,同時也造就了國際中學習力最強的事實。

      【全國性的學業考試】自不用說,連具有地域性級別的考試都不存在。

      每個班級是由24人以下的少數人組成,實際上沒有達到20人的班級占大多數。

      在芬蘭這個國家,進入大學者有4分之1是成人(25歲以上),在高校選擇上有半數的學生選擇了職業高校。

      從領先的學習力看芬蘭

      “有高回報就要有高擔當”,將孕育這樣的公民精神作為教育的核心。更是將【教育就是國家的貴重資產】這種理念看做重中之重。

      教師社會地位的高度以及從各界得到的極大信賴,造就了教師這個職業的從業者盡是優中選優,因此教師之間的默契度也是無可挑剔。

      教師的工作時間非常少。幾乎時間都是花費在授課中。不會像其他國家那樣做一些不必要的部門活動,因此也為授課準備預留了大把的時間。

      長時間的家庭式讀書也是芬蘭的特別之處,在讀書量以及讀書的重視度上芬蘭也是居于世界首位。

      成人的讀書習慣在世界上也名列前茅。芬蘭的讀書館體質非常完善。據統計,國民每年平均1人能借閱21本書。在芬蘭讀書館及其相同分支的數量比起便利店還有過之而無不及。


    ·上一篇文章:國外高考語言考試的閱讀理解都怎么出題
    ·下一篇文章:哈佛校長:你不一定要進哈佛,但你一定要看清哈佛的邏輯!


    轉載請注明轉載網址:
    http://www.youyiji520.com/news/world/17613171014310.htm




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