1. <tbody id="t9o4q"><noscript id="t9o4q"></noscript></tbody>
    <rp id="t9o4q"><object id="t9o4q"><input id="t9o4q"></input></object></rp>
  2. <tbody id="t9o4q"><noscript id="t9o4q"></noscript></tbody>


    学习的三重境界:知学、好学、乐学

    学习的三重境界:知学、好学、乐学


    来源:中国现代家庭教育网  文章作者:吴文娟

    ----浅谈数学教学中的情感教学

    作者:吴文娟  摘自:《宜兴二实小》

      大教育家孔子曾将学习分为三个不同的层次:知学、好学、乐学。认为“知之者不如好之者,好之者不如乐之者。”这三个层次一层比一层高级。“乐学”是一种最高级的学习热情,只有进入到“乐学”这一层次,才能使人做到在学习上自强不息。下面,我从三个层次来浅谈数学情感教学中如何达到知学、好学、乐学?

      一、培养需要,使之知学

      情感是在需要的基础上发展起来的。我国古人曾将情感比作是人的心理的一种波动状态。这种情波的产生,如同水波,“无风不起浪,”即没有客观事物的刺激,就不会产生情感。凡是与主观需要相符合,并能使之得到满足的事物,就会产生肯定的,积极的情感。因此,在教学中要设法使学生产生学习的需要,主要从以下两方面入手。

      1、知数学重要性。每一门功课,若不知道它的重要性,就很难产生重视的情感,更无法:“乐学”。数学是高科技的基础,是21世纪合格社会成员的必备素质,是“思维的体操”,这些都说明了数学学习的重要性。但小学生掌握的知识较少,意识水平较低,数学课也不是思想品德课,这些决定了解数学的重要性只能渗透在数学教学中,渗透在生活中,在不知不觉中给学生以教育。如:我班去参加野炊活动,8点从学校出发时,一学生问我什么时候能到,我趁机对大家说:“同学们,我们去野炊要走平路,还要爬一座山,平路是2公里,上山下山也各2公里,我们准备用每小时2公里的速度上山,每小时6公里的速度下山,每小时4公里的速度走平路,你们算算看,我们大概几点能到?”这时学生来了兴趣,大家七嘴八舌地议论开了,有的说九点半,有的说九点四十五。这时我肯定了正确的答案,表扬了大家,并总结说:“你们看,数学多有用,我们才出发,就知道了几点几分能到。”大家在欢笑中深刻体会到数学的作用,产生了重视的情感。

      2、知学习目标。目标具有激励作用,它不仅能使学生明确学习内容,产生学习欲望,也给学生自学和复习的路标。具体化的目标将知识和能力细化,易掌握,易检测,能及时反馈。知学习目标,包括知学期目标,单元目标,课时目标。如:我在教学商不变性质时,首先出示三条教学目标:①理解商不变性质;②记住商不变性质;③能初步运用商不变性质,圈出重点词:理解,记住,运用,并时大家说:“这是我们本节课要达到的目标,大家有没有信心?”“有”,学生齐声回答。一开始出示学习目标,使学生产生达标的需要,激发了自信心和学习情绪。

      二、激发情绪,使之好学

      对数学知识的需要,使学生产生了求知欲望,但还够,应将欲望进一步激发成饱满的学习热情,使“知学”上升为“好学”。美国心理学家沙赫特提出了“情绪三因素说”,认为情绪的激发归于三个因素的整合作用,即刺激因素,生理因素和认知因素。如何利用这三个因素来激起学生的学习热情呢?

      1、创设情景,刺激情感“味素”。学生的学习兴趣和热情来自好奇心,因此,教师在教学中要设法标新立异,用学生期待的信息来吸引学生的注意力。如:我在教循环小数时,先从自然课中学过的循环现象,出发,问:我们在自然课中学过水的循环现象,同学们想一想,在自然界中还有哪些周周而复始的循环现象呢?

      生:一年四季,春夏秋冬是循环现象。

      生:太阳的东升西落是循环现象。

      师:好,同学们说得都对,你们的知识可真丰富,在数学中也存在有趣的循环现象,你们想知道吗?

      老师巧设问题,导入新课,激起学生的求知欲。接着老师又说:“我们一起来计算10÷3、70.7÷33,看你能发现什么?你能给它取个名字吗?”这时学生个个跃跃欲试,热情高涨,希望立刻探寻到其中的奥妙。

      2、多思多动,激活生理状态。好动手是小学生的天性,而“手和脑之间有着千丝万缕的联系”。很多事实证明,在数学教学中注重多动多思,既符合学生的心理特征和认知规律,还可激发学生的学习兴趣,调动情绪状态。如:我在教“三角形三边关系”这一内容时,让学生动手操作。要求学生先用长度为 18cm,12cm,9cm的三根小棒搭三角形,然后要求把12cm的小棒换成8cm,再换成5cm后,提问学生发现了什么?当学生发现不能构成三角形时,激起学生思考,产生疑问:构成三角形的三条边之间到底有什么关系呢?我启发学生比较三根小棒长度的关系,最后通过讨论得出三角形两边之和大于第三边的结论。学生通过动手动脑,亲自尝到了学习的乐趣。

      3、促进认知,“折射”学习热情。心理学研究表明,情感的产生虽然与生理上的激活状态紧密联系,但必须通过人的认知活动的“折射”才能产生。俗话说 “知之深则爱之切”,这说明情感会随着认识的发展而变化,认识越丰富,越深刻,则情感也会越丰富,越深刻。因此,在教学中不能浮于表面,单纯灌输知识,而应透过知识,重视规则的形成过程,“知其然且知其所以然”;要渗透隐藏在知识中本质认识----数学思想;要促进思维能力的发展,在逐步加深认识的过程中激发学习热情。

      如我在教三角形面积计算时,注重了知识的层层深入。课刚开始时,我出示一个花瓣,问学生怎样用这样的花瓣拼成一朵花,学生回答后我用电脑显示花瓣旋转拼成花的过程式。接着我又问:如何用这样的花组成一条花边?学生回答后,同样用电脑显示将花平移成一条花边的过程。这项操作使学生初步从感性上认识了旋转和平移的方式,为下面的拼平行四边形打下伏笔。

      在推导三角形面积公式时,将两个完全一样的三角形拼成平行四边形是关键。我先让学生小组讨论,试拼,再讲清拼的过程并演示,还将三角形分三种类型,一一让学生动手拼。这一过程式渗透了转化的思想。接着引导学生比较三角形与拼成的平行四边形之间的关系,归纳公式:S=a×h÷2。整个推导中,学生动手动脑,既有独立学习,又有小组讨论,学生学习热情进一步高涨。

      最后一道训练发散性思维,创造能力的题目把学生的学习热情推向高潮。题目是这样的:你能通过剪拼,将三角形拼成其它图形吗?课内老师略作提示,课后学生得出了多种拼法。

      三、保持热情,升华乐学

      学生的学习之乐,主要来源于获得新知识,探求成功,学习成就得到肯定,同时,还需要他们在自己独立的实践中,探索中加以强化,在良好的氛围中得以巩固,在美育中得以熏陶,否则难以转化为稳固持久的情感。

      1、形成习惯,稳定情绪。小学生可塑性强,对待学习的热情也不稳定,会出现时高时低现象,而习惯是一个人在长时间里逐渐养成的,一时不易改变的行为或倾向,要让情绪伴随习惯,随习惯的形成而稳定。如一个人不愿预习的学生,最初可以将预习内容出成具体题目要该生完成,慢慢地将详细的预习题出成笼统的。到后期,只布置预习内容,最后,当学生形成习惯后,他不再讨厌预习,而且将它纳入日常生活中,象洗脸,刷牙一样乐于接受。良好的习惯很多:虚心好学,作业认真仔细,解答一丝不苟,独立思考等等,教师都要从小事抓起,时时注意培养。

      2、交流情感,创设氛围。学生是师生双向互动的过程,愉快、和谐、民主、平等的师生情感交往对学习和发展具有不可估量的作用。其中最根本的是教师对学生要充满"爱"。爱可以消除隔膜,使学生乐于亲近你,所谓“亲其师而信其道”爱表现为尊重、信任学生,承认学生的主体地位,一视同仁。爱还表现为要了解学生的需要,性格,与他们“心灵共鸣”。长久的良好氛围,将有利于学生保持愉快的学习心境。

      3、欣赏数学美,陶冶情操。美可经“陶冶吾人之情感,使之有高尚纯洁之习惯。”数学美的特点是有序,简明,对称,统一。主要有:

      结构美。如:7+9×9=88

      6+98×9=888

      5+987×9=8888

      ……

      解题美。如:计算如图的面积,可有割补法,平移旋转法,重叠法三类共计十多种解法。

      图形美。如求下列图形的阴影部分的面积。(略)

      简洁美。如通行世界的阿拉伯数字,用十个有限的符号可以记出无限多个数,就象凭借七个音符能谱写出各种令人陶醉的乐章。

      教师要充分利用教材挖掘数学美,陶冶学生热爱数学的情操。

      知学、乐学、好学三个阶段,相互联系、相互渗透,知学是铺垫,好学是关键,乐学是目的。要使素质教育走向深化,教师在教学中要注意情感交流、情感运用,使学生沿着知学、好学、乐学的道路,培养起热爱学习,热爱知识,热爱科学的情感,从而增强学习的主动性和学习效率。


    ·上一篇文章:中考作文突击训练的几种方法
    ·下一篇文章:本然语文视角下初中语文阅读教学中的朗读教学策略


    转载请注明转载网址:
    http://www.youyiji520.com/news/jsketang/16822131539474.htm




    极速时时彩app
    1. <tbody id="t9o4q"><noscript id="t9o4q"></noscript></tbody>
      <rp id="t9o4q"><object id="t9o4q"><input id="t9o4q"></input></object></rp>
    2. <tbody id="t9o4q"><noscript id="t9o4q"></noscript></tbody>

      www.jh6677.com | www.qhxl.com | www.hj91888.com | 11749.com | www.126438.com | www.20wb.top | www.80999.vip | www.bb.3412233.com | v4212.com | sxpj62617.com | www.2373j.com | www.10999n.com | www.9680app.com | pj9937.com | 20833g.com | www.910424.com | www.8577b.cc | www.9737kk.com | www.yh8461.com | 2649i.com | 2998v.com | www.178736.com | www.84499y.com | www.cn365i.com | www.wns8833.com | 500000991.com | 7720d.net | 91019u.com | www.878zf.com | www.7920f.com | www.55555yh.com | www.3643i.com | f2870.com | 553322EE.com | 5456x.com | 55797r.com | www.900140.com | www.771478.com | www.4058vv.com | www.7736.com | www.5626k.com | www.033033o.com | 8547v.com | 8685151.com | 61610029.com | 3049t.com | www.35155o.com | www.956568.com | www.xj456789.com | www.16065j.com | www.80868e.com | www.80969s.com | www.886889.com | www.00618o.com | www.033033g.com | 33gg8331.com | 21vnsvns.com | www.1880204.com | www.ydb01.com | www.63877t.com | xpj888e.com | 3651111111.com | 3568yy.com | mm444000.com | 3950wcom | r08199.com | 85698s.com | 8118522.com | 1234vn.cc | 88304k.com | 7720.com | xpj86.com | 90856y.com | 98955g.com | 5099tt.com | www.pjzxyl.cc | www.10999c.com | www.xy045.com | www.228778b.com | www.67r6.com | www.rgcp22.com | www.dzcp8888.com | www.xpj448888.com | www.1112737.com | www.5099qq.com | www.4963n.com | www.bwinyz23.com | www.3846h.com | www.69567g.com | www.42070014.com | www.bet73m.com | www.60007c.com | www.54400t.com | www.91233t.com | www.50026p.com | www.3668z.com | www.216777a.com | www.799427.com | www.496918.com | www.177534.com | 5443p.com | 08159f.com | 99589.net | 1468rrr.com | 87363c.com | 22883f.com | 1654o.com | c2490.com | www.0343g.com | www.8582bb.com | www.12455h.com | www.sygj9.com | www.368158.com | mi523.com | 101.net | 77606l.com | 3559hhhh.com | 7196zz.com | www.5454i.com | www.wsvip0.com | www.9737nn.me | www.410065.com | www.7793v.com | www.701546.com | 8547gg.com | 1104013.com | 888990033.com | www.glc66.com | www.tyc528.com | www.88166h.com | 3356.com | 2805x.com | 3467b.am | 2767u.com | www.88807m.com | www.d22255.com | www.w84f.com | www.flff8.com | www.43131y.com | 876878p.com | 901172.com | www.9068uu.com | www.813365.com | www.664456.com | www.688dl.com | 76886u.com | hc.cc | 7375.com | www.70099.com | www.6613655.com | www.583477.com | biwei116.com | 3122zz.com | www.vns2831.com | www.9895d.com | www.ya466.com | xh00020.com | pj88kk.com | www.boma0150.com | www.3032dd.com | www.yi876.com | 272f.net | 3169v.com | www.227777.com | www.5856867.com | www.489770.com | 2757y.com | www.1869u.com | www.c44tt.com | www.50064b.com | 2643c.com | mm33.vip | www.3066037.com | www.66376j.com | nnn444000.com | bet36500600.com | www.vns00ss.com | www.068633.com | www.270667.com | 8538d.com | www.32666m.com | www.cb900.cc | 7779964.com | 2381jjj.com | www.5589111.com | www.57578f.com | 76668.com | zhcp09.com | www.c3c3.com | www.570323.com | 3678ooo.com | www.70msc.com | www.99094y.com | 2400017.com | 3245q.com | www.uc.cc | www.914979.com | 063801.com | www.vns9603.com | www.4331p.com | 1517726.com | wz5.cc | www.91779m.com | www.297277.com | bet36530000.com | www.185hwx.com | www.2388cai.com | 66578.com | www.77007076.com | www.9478j.com | 53262e.com | www.0151u.com | www.66653d.com | 30688b.com | www.pj5756.com | www.68682k.com | sha161.com | www.hg78789.com | www.3552g.com | 37688g.com | www.32788a.com | www.ya238.com | lc99a.com | www.www-26499.com | www.911720.com | d5429.com | www.58665y.com | www.338995.com | 7792u.com | www.77782yh.com | 4638877.com | www.512988.com | www.2221101.com | j2857.com | www.43788.com | www.717224.com | 80368qq.com | www.8080999i.com | 58955.com | www.139835.com | www.755705.com | 9995v.cc | www.yun870.com | 5448099.com | www.64.ag | 89777m.com | www.xpjdc.com | www.15355h.com | 4152q.com | www.bwinyz14.com | 80892kk.com | www.73518.com | www.357411.com | www.86611h.com | www.43818l.com | 53262a.com | www.30350k.com | 22207q.com | www.hjcp55.com | 1706766.com | www.wns8833.com | www.700231.com | 1483m.com | www.29277c.com | rf033.com | www.3398788.com | 65456.com | www.55070q.com | 0906vip7.com | www.99113u.com | hg218.com | www.2195777.com | dc1105.com | www.wnsr7788.cc | www.66376i.com | www.70777.com | www.566921.com | www.w32126.cc | www.799666aa.com | www.v0060.com | www.705059.com | www.00755.com | www.547477.com | www.4625t.com | www.375791.com | www.964808.com | www.136305.com | www.155a56.com | www.68689e.com | www.5187575.com | 1919xpj.com | www.ok633.com | 33382p.com | www.c44rr.com | ylzz4448.com | www.1861222.com | xpj07000.com | www.61233t.com | 56988jj.com | www.hjin2.com | www.hg6513.com | www.500232.com | www.071095.com | 5002fff.com | www.7415f.com | 98345bb.com | www.1115mg.com | 3522c.vip | www.982pk.com | www.7893w28.com | b5313.com | www.f9478.com | f7742.com | www.hg77750.com | 37570i.com | www.922069.com | www.js55567.com | 9479c8.com | www.1851113.com | 35222f.com | www.9205d.com | www.21365jj.com | 883399r.com | www.k69096.com | 7200199.com | www.4189b.com | www.c30226.com | www.76543i.com | 22995156.com | www.1764t.com | 2613u.com | www.500232.com | www.q948q.com | 463h8.com | www.66368.com | www.0860l.com | 2287c.com | www.55676q.com | 9895g.com | www.77803i.com | www.sbd030.net | 38648.com | www.560926.com | www.452msc.com | 336yh.com | www.985175.com | www.2010889.com | 0332t.com | www.982jc.com | www.089456c.com | www.8494r.com | www.112070.com | www.5446ll.com | 8827kkk.com | www.68682e.com | www.g3410.com | h47479.com | 6220f.com | www.737798.com | www.www-77000.com | 14142400.com | www.gyfc2.com | www.5966jjj.com | ting0055.com | 338499.com | www.7240t.com | www.9068xx.com | bwinaaa.com | www.zcwf2.com | www.948.com | feicai0559.com | cao568.com | www.bet3651689.com | www.sb279.com | www.97828e.vip | www.pjdc1188.com | 22890.co | www.901180.com | www.365044.bet | 22883p.com | ylzz4448.com | www.607992.com | www.955244.com | www.kim111.com | 138cpwz.com | www.577690.com | www.14168.com | www.58777a.com | 5856oo.com | 32424b.com | www.9646b.com | www.678309.com | 3178o.com | 2373r.com | www.924570.com | www.792051.com | www.sun3388.com | 2490m.com | 5651f.com | www.hu508.com | www.7366003.com | www.84898v.com | 61326655.com | o4255.com | www.371680.com | www.2256.cc | www.fc596.com | www.033033m.com | 80567v.com | zl58.com | www.927816.com | www.52062e.com | www.49484.com | j1503.com | 86611s.com | 47749q.com | www.980996.com | www.924924.com | www.1389nn.com | www.yh8220.com | 55797n.com | 73567tg3.com | 2851l.com | www.917699.com | www.68993228.com | www.00772z.com | www.99206u.com | 2306l.com | 835889.com | 3656pp.com | www.309388.com | www.34788b.com | www.7036s.com | www.js5599.vip | www.00618y.com | 8905k.com | c86226.com | 67890y.com | feicai0423.com | www.564846.com | www.5854l.cc | www.cp5800.com | www.1754h.com | www.4699g.com | www.5556358.com | 8905k.com | 6261n.com | 3412288.com | 2836518.com | b9982.com | www.399046.com | www.77fzc.com | www.506234.com | www.99552qq.com | www.8313d.com | www.133004.com | www.699888.com | www.221777.com | 22443885.com | 552229.com | 00773uu.com | 5856ooo.com | uc08.cc | 38238u.com | 7779e.cc | 3405.com | 1770f.com | o2306.com | p47479.com | 2096i.com | c388z.com | www.068653.com | www.382688.com | www.586840.com | www.808731.com | www.927576.com | www.c6096.com | www.sygj7.com | www.126ll.com | www.7782q.com | www.11774.cc | www.ac3177.com | www.zfcp9.com | www.gu64.com | www.hjin2.com | www.950920.com | www.821260.com | www.701495.com | www.596353.com | www.504633.com | www.233104.com | www.030310.com | sxrkrdjq12.com | 0208aa.com | 2247rr.com | j7736.com | tz478.com | 38365b.com | 159666a.com | 32250.com | pj677k.com | www.223456y.com | www.25288c.com | www.12345hm.com | www.67810.com | www.bet91486.com | www.6421.com | www.76520y.com | www.le96.com | www.324977.com | 26668i.com | 2643g.com | 3999.com | 214tc.com | www.6686450.com | www.9679j.com | www.xj6633.com | www.9737zz.me | www.7240n.com | www.64141.com | www.701497.com | 23800o.com | 66671n.com | 34k35.com | 1489r.com | www.006074.com | www.998948.com | www.38775ee.com | www.54400p.com | www.607323.com | 3434b.com | jsgj55.com | 70118i.com | www.hg518.com | www.490000.com | www.792074.com | www.49956y.com | www.507285.com | sbd1224.com | 13222t.com | www.js736736.com | www.886242.com | www.659618.com | www.21202t.com | www.475711.com | dd2649.com | ylg123456.net | www.mh3888.com | www.55526j.com | www.1466u.com | www.652592.com | bb8888-2.com | t8381.com | www.msc44.la | www.06820y.com | www.6364d.com | 8036a.com | yun666.com | www.bg999333.com | www.808888l.com | www.550021p.com | www.082709.com | 0198800.com | www.yyhbet6.com | www.56655t.com | www.81520g.com | 1591.com | 22207w.com | www.58777u.com | www.u32031.com | www.950665.com | 0434344.com | 500000423.com | www.cctv577.com | www.yd7017.com | 07599f.com | 3404m.cc | www.hg984.com | www.x999678.com | www.178625.com | 45888a.com | www.3643o.com | www.12136t.com | www.506951.com | sjg002.com | www.8694i.com | www.07679e.com | www.346411.com | 67890vvv.com | www.lxyl196.com | www.9989579.com | bet365yazhou.com | br881.com | www.168uuu.com | www.21202w.com | 0853dh.com | hggjtg7.com | www.316088.com | www.770816.com | c53.cc | www.9374k.com | www.606010.com | 2016.com | 1259e.com | www.6608598.com | www.349577.com | mm1915.com | www.1340a.com | www.2109w.com | z18.com | www.66615hh.com | www.6678687.com | 5647q.com | www.8520s.com | www.5557795.com | df8i.com | 38989o.com | www.c83377.com | 5622b.com | 6220o.com | www.js79900.com | www.66376o.com | 365399.bet | www.115527y.com | bwin8bb.com | 55vn77.com | www.07679j.com | 1086.com | www.21365nn.com | www.80065g.com | 6261qq.com | www.330246.com | www.hy6933.com | 4488a.com | www.xlcp.com | www.033826.com | 88842949.com | www.337466.com | 1387.com | www.644577.com | www.799346.com | g2824.com | www.32031j.com | 2443h.com | www.323567.com | www.8039w.com | 35222cc.com | www.4963pp.com | 8988m.com | www.hg9922.org | www.35918s.com | 40033ff.com | www.bwinyz32.com | 30007r.com | www.435511.com | www.cc6769.com | 25288f.com | www.8905w.com | aobo44444.com | www.773333.com | www.394577.com | yyh913.com | www.50051h.com | 521102.com | www.4521q.com | 33xpj377.com | www.356309.com | 6002aa.com | www.7830p.com | www.959079.com | jj3189.com | www.ky1006.com | 3552m.com | www.73990e.com | b32365.com | www.77731a.com | 8577p.cc | www.34388a.com | 3365.com | www.js56771.com | 30007l.com | www.38345f.com | hr1800.com | www.323365.com | 131g.net | www.kk377.com | 83138b.com | www.hg8443.com | 87965gg.com | www.09527.com | www.055976.com | www.8867p.com | www.483770.com | www.7830e.com | www.447478.com | www.4107u.com | www.399230.com | www.87680n.com | www.393890.com | www.msc77.la | www.161172.com | www.pj8793.com | www.60007i.com | www.24xjw.com | sss5701.com | www.rb568.com | ooo5144.com | www.38345y.com | 63964444.com | www.a063801.com | 463s8.com | www.555999qipai.com | 88851s.com | www.53900h.com | n2306.com | www.932779.com | www.9068gg.com | www.29277o.com | www.3814.hk | 876878w.com | www.bb673888.com | l1915l.com | www.dayou800.com | 7792m.com | www.715920.com | www.1597sss.com | 9449.com | www.15365e.com | 69440055.com | www.26163a.com | 3424w.com | www.529355.com | www.77605z.com | 15a38.net | www.3032mm.com | 88851z.com | www.yi660.com | www.115888.com | 47749a.com | www.35700bb.com | 3568s.com | www.5854y.cc | www.3589777.com | x45638.com | www.06386666.com | 50067z.com | www.807735.com | www.js1108.com | 88335156.com | www.704wb.com | www.a1a333.cc | 20188a.com | www.bet91482.com | 563567.com | www.ck6787.com | www.292030.com | 5856eee.com | www.868339.com | www.94911.cc | 840pj.com | www.87708.vip | 4023f.com | www.218195.com | www.rgcp22.com | a99345.am | www.566850.com | www.tai111.com | 957939.com | www.823023.com | www.2tyc.com | hd8449.com | www.591029.com | www.20199oo.com | bozhidao.org | www.390500.com | www.4694n.com | 58533333.com | www.303476.com | www.16181e.com | 44267.com | 99bjlvip.com | www.xpj8118.com | www.hg6906.com | 2223865.com | www.86267s.com | www.vip355.vip | 08778n.com | www.tj92.com | www.77731z.com | 52599n.com | www.196062.com | www.00778n.com | www.1869k.com | 58802s.com | www.65707h.com | www.31229.com | www.211857.com | 44267.com | ylg12.com | www.js28666.com | www.4938v.com | 12274477.com | www.708609.com | www.829797b.com | 29918mm.com | 2373h.com | www.39500j.com | www.hg8525.com | xx7742.com | ctxcp76.com | www.707wb.com | www.hg7911.com | 80850tt.com | q72227.com | www.800938.com | www.h509.com | 1253-2.com | 2618s.com | www.00840u.com | www.hg8319.com | 83086t.com | 86688001.com | www.df76.com | www.8645002.com | www.vip22252.com | 2324www.com | www.34788e.com | www.yh08.com | www.gdnmi.com | 5429d.com | 500000790.com | www.355246.com | www.5958818.com | www.443558.com | le888k.com | 8547qq.com | www.202423.com | www.js7601.com | www.5966hhh.com | www.bh11234.com | lh66x.com | 3379tt.com | www.5086j.com | www.7893w36.com | www.5395287.com | 175070.com | 7007570.com | www.354177.com | www.yd7017.com | www.5099dd.com | www.09569c.com | 0600q.cc | 9971009.com | 0986.com | www.al5888.com | www.55676h.com | www.32208d.com | www.7720v.com | 6261h.com | 31325k.com | www.135368.com | www.9478i.com | www.3337795.com | www.3335544.com | www.hg15678.com | cc3336.com | yy909.com | www.105636.com | www.5095p.com | www.ws966.com | www.cp67774.com | www.009suncity.com | 3379s.com | s4212.com | 38989g.com | www.50024a.com | www.c6321.com | www.sdsy.com | www.115527s.com | www.899111.com | www.70777.com | 20772299.com | cc00558.com | 7722209.com | 345678.com | 7605j.com | www.606865.com | www.14177.com | www.81608a.com | www.06820t.com | www.kxm06.com | www.js7888.co | www.8494g.com | q35151.com | 73055e.com | p8159.cc | 52520524.com | 23800.com | 76668.com | 054892.com | www.493356.com | www.927877.com | www.5484a.com | www.6613611.com | www.778305.com | www.45598x.com | www.4963h.com | www.csh365.com | www.hx928.com | www.a80047.com | www.76543y.com | www.85770p.com | 88999193.com | 3178z.com | 923610.com | 8977vv.com | 85698q.com | 9679z.com | 3640ii.com | 3559z.com | 0289q.com | 610238.com | js89w.vip | 0289f.com | 0485y.com | 61999pp.com | 8898222.com | 5589222.com | 08159t.com | 0554xc.com | 99567e.com | 9646k.com | hjcp2018.com | 4025d.com | 3775p.com | t8381.com | 1679c.com | 518cp5.com | 69990c.com | 07599g.com | www.849431.com | www.vn99.vn | www.3643h.com | www.16297777.com | www.38144144.com | www.068340.com | www.beb111.org | www.8967v.com | www.185143.com | www.2566y8.com | www.55717n.com | www.7714v.com | www.9356n.com | www.youcai77.com | www.422626.com | man936.com | biying940vip.com | m85323.net | 45637h.com | 6363ii.com | 2543jc.com | www.hg430.com | www.2078v.com | www.76998.com | www.1068.com | www.1022777.com | www.7004k.com | www.27776.cc | www.690776.com | www.040438.com | 3788dd.com | 1596c.com | 8569811v.com | 6647a.com | www.2846v.com | www.hxshlj.com | www.06617b.com | www.598282d.com | www.12455w.com | www.673266.com | yy080.com | 5005a.com | i85686.com | www.bm1100.vip | www.01678cp.com | www.983888d.com | www.yl61332.com | www.39957b.com | www.567630.com | sjznews.com | 28288s.com | 3225w.com | www.0860p.com | www.288988b.com | www.9996.com | www.c760.vip | 98955c.com | 8535.com | 8148999.com | www.hg130.com | www.5446ii.com | www.bet73.com | www.514577.com | 3mgmvvv.com | tb2223.com | www.pjdc2288.com | www.keebin.com | www.3318.cc | www.952856.com | xpjdc.tw | 8547m.com | www.07078006.com | www.918356c.com | www.376500.com | www.544095.com | xpj66136.com | 9694x.com | www.pj8610.com | www.7225t.com | www.5854a.cc | dzjgw1111.com | 7599y.com | www.7669b.net | www.ybw18.com | www.83033p.com | www.038059.com | 820pj.com | www.hg4468.com | www.989405.com | www.33997l.com | 105boo.com | 53262t.com | www.67229t.com | www.w063801.com | www.am1115.com | 112y.net | 6220k.com | www.wenetian.cc | www.p77929.com | 1314.xw252.com | so3333.cc | www.330099t.com | www.73990y.com | www.803243.com | 04666j.com | www.6060xj.com | www.28000d.com | www.686pp.com | 6002q.com | 99995156.com | www.28000i.com | www.c6121.com | mgm3242.co | www.ylg268.com | www.huangma29.com | www.923076.com | 500000737.com | www.v0020.com | www.9895h.com | www.376361.com | 4261.com | www.28624.com | www.hg16688.com | 3939688.com | 2267i.com | www.8k315.com | www.932669.com | 4270bb.com | www.ljw035.com | www.67jsc.com | 0208xx.com | 2418p.com | www.555jyh.com | www.535267.com | g86811.com | www.9374m.com | www.8905l.com | jnn001.com | 56988.vip | www.77658zz.com |