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    研学旅行成市场新宠,千亿体量群雄逐鹿

    研学旅行成市场新宠,千亿体量群雄逐鹿


    来源:学习力教育智库  文章作者:许林艳

      5月底,全国研学旅行教育融合与传播研讨会在北京师范大学举行,探索“文旅+教育”新范式。研学旅行是指在教育部门和学校有计划有组织的安排下,通过集体旅行和集体食宿等方式,开展的研究性学习和旅行体验相结合的校外教育活动。

      教育不仅能在教室中开展,也可以在旅行和营地中进行。两耳不闻窗外事,一心只读圣贤书的时代已经成为历史,知行合一,注重实践和体验,才是未来教育的发展方向。

      国内研学旅行现状

      “研学旅行目前是一个群雄逐鹿的局面,大家都在跃跃欲试,这主要是由政策催生的诉求。”行动者董事长杨林对蓝鲸教育说到。

      从2013年开始,国家就提出了“研学旅行”的概念。

      教育部基础教育司司长吕玉刚表示:“研学旅行不是一般的旅游,要有课程的开发,特别是到了富有教育意义的革命传统基地和文化基地,要把革命的精神、文化的内涵讲出来,让学生受到教育。”

      研学旅行主要针对体制内的学校,据业内人士表示,由于研学内容太广,可扩展性高;旅行资质和安全性;以及教学内容需要与景点资源相结合的现状,大部分学校在人力、资质、资源方面并没有相对应的承接能力,或者说学校和校外教育机构都无法覆盖快速增长的需求,因此学校和校外机构需要达成合作,以此来更好地推进这一项目。

      这也符合《意见》中关于研学旅行组织形式的要求:学校可自行开展或委托开展。但均需按管理权限报教育行政部门备案,并做好学生活动管理和安全保障工作。在委托开展方面,学校需要选择有资质、信誉好的企业,并签订协议书,比如企业需要拥有课程研发能力和专业师资。

      在国家政策的推动下,国内从事研学旅行服务的机构如雨后春笋般地产生,还有很多旅行社和教育机构都纷纷想增加此业务。据蓝鲸教育不完全统计,目前从事研学旅行的机构主要有以下五家:

      世纪明德建立了符合国际标准的研学旅行及夏冬令营服务标准与安全体系,并在2017年12月联合政府主管单位、研学专家、研学旅行试点省份等共同成立了“研学教育共同体”,以期打造基于区域的立体研学教育实施平台。据世纪明德2017年年报显示,公司营收实现5.19亿元,同比增长41.06%,归属于公司股东净利润实现5962.99万元,同比增长48.79%。

      中凯国际成立于2010年,是以研学旅行和定制旅游为主的教育旅游品牌,主要为中小学校提供社会大课堂和社会实践活动外包服务。通过多年积累,已与多所中小学和研学旅行基地建立了长期合作关系。

      行动者是国内最早以体验式培训形式对诸多企业进行管理咨询的专业机构之一,打造了“行动体验”、“天道酬勤”、“老A真人CS”和“稳泰建导”四大品牌。

      研学旅行本身没有太多的规律可循,可控性、连续性较差,要想形成规模,还有很长的路要走,目前国内研学旅行处于起步阶段,渗透率仅有5%,但是在政策的倾斜下,市场前景一片看好。

      面对不断增加的市场需求,专业研学导师成为了市场新宠,研学旅行与一般的游学等体验式教学不同,需要与综合实践活动课程统筹考虑,要引导学生主动适应社会,促进研学旅行和学校课程有机融合。但是目前研学旅行方面的专业人才稀缺。“对于传统旅行社而言,现在的导师来源主要有两种:一种是找一些名师名家来做演讲,另一种是传统导游稍加培训就直接上岗,导游和导师之间还是有差距的,”行动者董事长杨林对蓝鲸教育说到,“但是教育机构相对会好一些,他们会培训自己的研学导师。”

      国外研学情况

      相较于国内,国外的研学旅行要成熟的多。研学这件事,做的最早的是日本。日本也是国内研学旅行的主要参考对象,比如在修学方式,营期设置和时长方面都有学习。

      在日本“研学旅行”被称为“修学旅行”,1946年被正式纳入教育体系,是小初高教育的重要组成部分,内容多种多样,渗透率很高,高中达到98%,初中达到95%,小学生则几乎全部参加研学旅行。

      日本修学旅行以单独的学校、班级为单位,根据学生年龄不同,在目的地和内容选择方面也有所不同。国内的研学旅行针对不同阶段的学生也设有不同标准:小学阶段(四到六年级),以乡土乡情为主;初中阶段(初一到初二),以县情市情为主;高中阶段(高一到高二),以省情国情为主。

      日本修学旅行由政府提供经费保障,地方教育部门出台管理细则,公益组织负责监督管理,社会各界提供大力支持,发展至今修学旅行已经成为了日本文化的一部分。

      近年来,在日本组织海外修学旅行的学校数量在不断增加,目的多是让孩子学习外语和培养国际化视野。目的地国家一般以北美、欧洲、东南亚、韩国等地为主。

      早在150年前,欧美国家就已经开展了营地教育和体验教育,特别是在工业革命之后,营地教育取得了显著发展。目前在英美从事研学旅行服务的机构很多,比如EA School Tours,专门从事计划和管理国际研学旅行项目,目的地有美国、日本、欧洲等;还有EducationalTours,成立于1974年,面向不同的客户群承接业务,比如学生团体、演员团体和定制服务等。

      研学旅行前景

      就像传统的消费方式已经不能满足人们不断升级的消费需求一样,传统的教育方式也已经不能满足学生综合素质全面发展的需求。体验式教育理念和旅游业的跨界融合,使研学旅行成为市场热点。尤其是研学旅行已经被列入义务教育和普通高中必修课,其学校渗透率会迅速提升,市场规模有望达到千亿。世纪明德创始人兼CEO王学辉表示,在文件下发、政策推动下,未来五年内行业会出现四、五倍左右的爆发峰值。

      如果未来研学旅行走向正轨,高校需要设置相关专业和研究中心,从而大批量培养研学旅行方向的人才,满足市场需求。为了建设有中国特色的研学旅行,在其道路的选择上,可以与“一带一路”相结合,在开拓学生国际视野的同时,还能让学生更深刻地理解中国文化,增强他们的爱国主义情怀。

    本文转自蓝鲸edu,作者许林艳。


    ·上一篇文章:行走中的课堂:还你一个真实的研学旅行
    ·下一篇文章:“童星培训”的猫腻儿有多少?触目惊心!


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