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    行走中的课堂:还你一个真实的研学旅行

    行走中的课堂:还你一个真实的研学旅行


    来源:学习力教育智库  文章作者:佚名

      研学旅行是“旅游+”概念下的新模式,它延续和发展了古代游学、“读万卷书,行万里路”的教育理念和人文精神,成为素质教育的新方式。它是由旅游部门、教育部门和学校有计划地组织安排,通过集体旅行、集中食宿方式开展的研究性学习和旅行体验相结合的校外教育活动。近年来,大大小小的教育机构、旅行社纷纷推出研学旅游项目,期望从中分得一杯羹。研学旅行,热潮不减,市场红利着实诱人。

    世界那么大,真想去看看

    研学旅行的前世今生

      说到“研学”,就不得不提起“游学”。早在中国古代就有“游学”的历史,学子远游异地,求师问道,寻求真知。孔子带着诸弟子周游列国,抛却政治和历史的因素,这本质上就是孔子做了一次游学活动。因此,在谈及“游学“时,一般都会把孔子周游列国奉为游学的鼻祖,就像钱穆将孔子奉为战国游士之风的开创者一般。最早出现“游学”二字的《史记·春申君列传》称:“游学博闻,盖谓其因游学所以能博闻也。”《北史·樊深传》中也有“游学于汾晋间,习天文及算历之术”的记载。追溯历史,郦道元、玄奘、李时珍、徐霞客都可以算作游学的先行者,他们有明确的游学路线和资源,也有清晰的目标,方法则有访谈,记录等等。可见,我国古人就有游历四方,探寻真知的觉悟。

      “游学”流变到近代之后,内涵发生了些许变化。比如曾国藩送出国门的赴美学童,还有其后的赴英留学热潮,留日热潮,留俄热潮等,也被称作是游学。到了现代,游学的概念内涵又有了变化,就是将组织学生前往学校之外的空间进行的教育活动,即我们口中的夏令营、冬令营,每年一到寒暑假,就会有许多家长将孩子送去参加冬夏令营,以此培养孩子的独立自主能力、表达能力、解决问题能力、社会综合实践能力等。

      从2013年开始,国家就提出了“研学旅行”的概念。教育部的相关负责人也曾表示,“研学旅行不是一般的旅游,要有课程的开发,特别是到了富有教育意义的革命传统基地和文化基地,要把革命的精神、文化的内涵讲出来,让学生受到教育。”相较游学,研学是一种研究性学习和旅行体验相结合的校外教育活动,更加注重“学”,重视课程内容,更加强化其深刻的教育意义。

      数据显示,我国游学人次自 2014 年后迅速增长,境内游学人数由最初的 140 万增长至 2017 年的 340 万,境外游学人数则由 2014 年的 35 万增长至 85 万。境内游学群体为 6-18 岁中小学生,而境外游学群体以中学生和大学生为主。境内游学多安排在暑假或学期内进行,而境外游学多安排在寒暑假。

      传统的教育方式也已经不能满足学生综合素质全面发展的需求。体验式教育理念和旅游业的跨界融合,使研学旅行成为市场热点,研学旅行已经被列入义务教育和普通高中必修课,市场规模有望达到千亿。特别是近年来文化+旅游的时代浪潮推动下,未来的研学旅行甚至会出现许多倍的爆发峰值。

      目前对于研学旅行普遍认同的定义是:教育部门和学校有计划地组织安排,通过集体旅行、集中食宿方式开展的研究性学习和旅行体验相结合的校外教育活动。活动可以独立进行或由单位正式组织。就目前的市场形势来看,旅行机构依旧是组织研学活动的主要力量。

    |<< << < 1 2 3 > >> >>|


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