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    教育最大的風險,是父母低層次的教育認知局限

    教育最大的風險,是父母低層次的教育認知局限


    來源:學習力教育中心  文章作者:余建祥

      教育最大的風險在于無法再重來一次,你不可能將教育不成功的孩子當成次品扔掉或銷毀。也就是說,時間成本是教育最大的成本,一旦錯失最佳的教育時機,教育成本和失敗幾率就會呈幾何級地上升。而這當中,父母的教育認知是最關鍵的因素。

      我們經?吹揭恍┖⒆訁拰W到不想去學校了,家長才開始著急,而焦慮的情緒下只會讓孩子對上學更加抵觸。對于成績糟糕的孩子,多數家長、老師會普遍認為這個孩子智商不行,或者不是學習的料。而現實是,高二快結束時排名倒數、被老師認為連?贫己茈y考上的孩子,通過一年科學的調整,以班級第一的成績考入國內排名前三的名校。年級段排名倒數第二、第三的學渣姐妹,也可以逆襲分別考上世界名校牛津和劍橋。

      如果用一組公式,大家就可以明白自己的教育認知局限:

      學習成績(學習結果)=學習時間×學習效率

      從這個等式可以看到,“學習時間”和“學習效率”這兩個變量都會對學習成績產生影響。顯然,多數家長和老師都把注意力放到了“學習時間”這個變量上,因為這是最容易把控的。于是乎,題海戰術、給孩子報補習班成了多數老師和家長最常用的“招數”。最終結果,有效果和沒效果,甚至反效果的都有。如果“學習效率”不變,在這個前提下,增加學習時間顯然是有效的,但如果增加學習時間過度,導致學習效率下降,就有可能導致無效果,甚至反效果。這種做法在小學學習內容簡單,課外時間充裕的現狀下,效果普遍會比較理想。而一旦進入中學,學習難度和學習內容都大幅增加的情況下,這種做法基本就效果大打折扣了。這也是為什么很多通過時間換空間取得良好成績的小學生,進入中學后成績會急劇下滑的重要原因。

      對于一個中學生來說,除去基本的睡眠8小時,加上用餐、體育活動、中場休息等2~3小時,基本上每天的學習時間也就在十一二個小時,要想比別的同學多增加更多學習時間相對是有限的。也就是說,要想有效提升學習時間難度極大,最多別人學習11個小時,你學習13個小時,基本頂天了。要想把學習時間提升為別人的一倍幾乎是完全不可能實現的。

      但是,學習效率要提升一兩倍是很容易實現的。根據學習金字塔理論,不同的學習方式效率差最高可達18倍,如果再加上學習狀態、情緒等的影響,可以很容易達到幾十倍的差距,F實中,我們通過學習管理,可以很容易把一個學生的學習效率大幅提升。

      所以,與其去提升很難提升的“學習時間”變量,不如去有效提升那個容易提升的“學習效率”變量。如果家長、老師的教育思維不轉變,老盯著“學習時間”這個變量,只會讓孩子越來越厭學,而當孩子心里抵觸的時候,學習效率會大幅下滑,與抱薪救火無異。我們在學習力教育實踐中,更多的是減少孩子的學習時間,通過科學調整,有效提升孩子的學習效率,從而大幅提升孩子的學習成績,重塑學習自信心。

      可見,家長低層次的教育認知局限,是孩子學習成長中最大的風險。(余建祥)


    ·上一篇文章:余建祥:中國教育未來發展的四大決定性趨勢
    ·下一篇文章:家庭教育的有效期和界限


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